The price in euros is 4.04 euros per kg. A ripe hazelnut tree can produce up to 25 pounds of nuts in a single year. The total yield from hazelnut production is 2,800 marketable pounds per acre. The hazelnut harvest occurs in Oregon's Willamette Valley.
The Oregon harvest represents between 3 and 5% of the world's hazelnut harvest. The standard 20 × 20 foot (6 × 6 meters) square with 108 trees per acre (267 trees per hectare) adapts to a variety of soils and situations. It will begin to produce nuts approximately 2 to 3 years after planting, 8 years if grown from seed. It takes a multi-stem shape with an open base, often very extended.
It produces red female flowers and yellow-brown male clusters on the same plant (but it is not self-fertile). Around 40 years old. When ripe, the nut falls from the shell onto the ground. Hazelnuts can reach a height of 3 to 8 m (10 to 26 ft) and can live for many years, although their commercial lifespan is usually about 40 years.
The hazelnut is native to Europe and Southeast Asia. Turkey/Turkey is the world's leading producer and exporter of hazelnuts. In addition, it covers approximately 70 percent and 82 percent of global production and exports, respectively. It is followed by Italy, with almost 20 percent in production and 15 percent in exports.
Consequently, for those who now invest in the cultivation of hazelnuts, it is important to pay attention, first of all, to the hazelnut markets of these countries, together with China, the United Arab Emirates and today's major importers of these nuts. Another 20% of Turkish hazelnuts are bought by Olam Group, one of the largest processors and suppliers in the B2B sector (the presentation on the hazelnut market made by Olam's representative at the Georgia Nuts Conference can be seen here). To reduce risks, these international companies, as well as some European chocolate producers, have been trying to diversify hazelnut sources for the past 10 years, driving the rapid development of hazelnut production in Georgia, Azerbaijan, Serbia, Argentina, Chile, Australia, South Africa, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. I have found several wild species that grow along the highway where I live (west of Boone, North Carolina) and I have planted 17 hazelnuts from the Arbor Hazelnut Initiative.
When growing hazelnuts in the coldest part of this range, choose American hazelnuts, which are more cold-tolerant than European hazelnuts. By Dawn and Jeff Zarnowski Tasty and healthy hazelnuts are used in many food products desired by consumers and are chronically scarce. About 65 years ago, when I was a child in West Virginia, I would go to places close to my house after the first frost and pick hazelnuts in the wild, as well as persimmons and papayas. One of the many reasons why hazelnuts are in high demand is Nutella, the famous chocolate cream that uses hazelnuts.
I'm just trying to determine if there's really NO competition in this market in my area, where hazelnuts seem to grow really well everywhere, including in partial shade and in clay soils. Hazelnuts produced for cereals will reach at least 90 cents per pound in Oregon this year, or 25 cents higher than the minimum price for the shell harvest. Around a third of Turkish hazelnuts are bought by the Italian group Ferrero, which uses them mainly for the production of nut paste and chocolate with Nutella, as well as in other confectionery products. Both shelled and unshelled hazelnuts last a year or even longer in the fridge and maintain their quality for about two years in the freezer (UOC).
However, at the end of the marketing season, farmers in the hazelnut industry can expect to receive a payment higher than the current two-level minimum of 90 cents per pound for cereal varieties and 65 cents per pound for shell cultivars, said Ross of the HGBA. Such high demand can increase the price of hazelnuts, since they cover a large part of the hazelnut supply. Native hybrid hazelnuts provide a crop that is constantly in short supply, are well known to consumers and are almost grown on their own. .