How much space does a hazelnut tree need?

Space your hazelnuts 15 to 18 feet apart. Dig a hole wide and deep enough to accommodate the “J” type root system. Plant 12 above the base of the “J” loop. Hazelnuts need 15 to 20 feet (4.5 to 6 m).

They adapt to almost any soil as long as it's well-drained, but they work best in soil with plenty of organic matter. If you have time, you can grow hazelnuts from seeds. Plant the walnuts in a 6-inch pot filled with potting soil or in the garden at least 15 feet apart. The seeds must be marked, which means using a lime and tracing a small “bar” on the outer layer of the seed.

Native hybrid hazelnuts provide a crop that is constantly in short supply, are well known to consumers and are almost grown on their own. By Dawn and Jeff Zarnowski Tasty and healthy hazelnuts are used in many food products desired by consumers and are chronically scarce. Almost all of the hazelnuts consumed in North America come from Oregon or Turkey. However, hazel trees are native to the eastern half of North America, from Louisiana to Georgia in the south, to Manitoba and Quebec in the north.

Native hazelnuts (Corylus americana) are resilient, disease-resistant and highly tolerant to a wide range of growing conditions, and yet there is a shortage of nuts. Indigenous nuts are usually small and are not as tasty as European hazelnuts (Corylus avellana), which have been selected for their quality for hundreds and thousands of years. This is where the hybridization of the two species of hazelnuts over the past century has produced new varieties that have the best qualities of both. Hazelnut organizations have been formed to promote the cultivation of this native crop with better qualities.

Another wonderful thing about hazelnuts is that you don't have to wait long before the tree produces nuts so you can eat them. Hazelnut trees start to bear fruit in just 4 years and produce large yields in years six or seven. In addition, you can choose to grow it as a shrub or as a single-stemmed tree. A multi-stemmed bush will form if you do not cut or cut the shoots that grow near the base of the tree.

In the form of a shrub, it will grow 8 to 12 feet tall. In the shape of a shrub, the hazelnut allows you to easily pick walnuts by hand and plant them without worries in the environment to control erosion or as a hedge. If you choose to grow it as a single-stemmed tree, it will grow 14 to 16 feet tall and about the same width. Once the tree is large enough to shade the base, the shoots will not grow.

The native hazel tree is adaptable and easy to grow; however, it took many generations of hybridization to generate native trees with large, tasty nuts. When the seeds show signs of germination (check them starting at the end of February) it's time to sow them. In pots, simply place two seeds about 2-3 cm deep, firm and water. Once in the ground, they will excavate and overwinter, reappearing in spring to lay eggs on hazelnuts.

Once the shrub is in the ground, you only have to wait a few seasons until you can start filling your home with the buttery scent of freshly roasted hazelnuts. While American hazelnuts can self-pollinate, European hazelnuts are self-incompatible, meaning that even though a single plant has male and female flowers, they cannot self-pollinate. Hazelnuts form clusters and flowers in early spring (mid-March in the Midwest, where I live) and don't form leaves until several weeks later. About 65 years ago, when I was a child in West Virginia, I would go to places near my house after the first frost and pick hazelnuts in the wild as well as persimmons and papayas.

Hazelnuts grow quite quickly, increasing 13 to 24 inches per year, according to the Arbor Day Foundation. Nitrogen-fixing plants, such as crimson clover or white clover, or plants that attract pollinators and improve the soil, such as comfrey, are good companions for growing hazelnuts. Like many nut trees, hazelnuts can also be attacked by root rot, powdery mildew, bacterial blight and cankers. In spring, hazelnut shrubs produce yellowish male clusters and small red female flowers on the same plant.

I was especially excited when I found out that hazelnuts (also known as colbertas) only take three to five years to reach their first harvest. And of course, hazelnuts are a crucial ingredient in what could be the world's most popular chocolate cream. One good thing about hazelnuts is that they can be shaped like shrubs or trees, depending on your preferences and the space available. .